Transportation is controlled by the government's Malian Transport Authority. In 2010, Mali has some 593 km of railway, served by diesel electric locomotives. The main line, from Dakar in Senegal to Bamako, runs a twice-weekly passenger service. There is more frequent service between Bamako and Koulikoro, the last stop on the line, and between Bamako and Kayes. The IBRD has helped finance the modernisation of the Malian rail system.
Mali's road network includes about 18,709 km of roadways of which some 3,368 km were paved as of 2010. A major project, completed in 1986, was the construction of a 558-km road between Gao and Sévare, near Mopti, to be part of a trans-Sahara highway linking Algeria and Nigeria. In 2001, there were about 18,900 passenger cars and 31,700 commercial vehicles in Mali.
Mali is landlocked; it is served by the port of Dakar in Senegal. The Niger River, which in Mali is 1,800-km long, is navigable except for a 59-km stretch between Bamako and Koulikoro (the main river port), where it is cut by rapids. The Bani River, a tributary of the Niger, is navigable for 224 km between San and Mopti. Regular service on the Niger is generally maintained from July through January. The Senegal is navigable between Kayes and Saint-Louis, Senegal. Mali, Senegal, and Mauritania make up the Senegal River Development Organisation.
There were 20 airports in 2010, but only eight of which had paved runways. An international airport is at Senou, 14 km from Bamako. Air Mali, the state-owned airline, flies to Gao, Mopti, Kayes, Nioro, Tombouctou, Nara, Yelimané, and Goundam. There are also airports at Ségou, Tessalit, Bourem and Kidal. In 1992, Mali joined the 10 other signatories of the Yaounde Treaty and became a partner in Air Afrique. In 2001, 46,400 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international airline flights.
Airports - with paved runways :
2,438 to 3,047 m: 4
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2010)
Airports - with unpaved runways :
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 5
under 914 m: 3 (2010)
total: 593 km
narrow gauge: 593 km 1.000-m gauge (2010)
total: 18,709 km
paved: 3,368 km
unpaved: 15,341 km (2004)
1,800 km (downstream of Koulikoro; low water levels on the River Niger cause problems in dry years; in the months before the rainy season the river is not navigable by commercial vessels) (2010)
Ports and terminals :