Disputes – International
Border demarcation is currently underway with Burkina Faso.
Refugees & Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)
In 2013, there were 12,897 refugees from Mauritania. Also, there were 151,150 IDPs (due to the Tuareg rebellion since 2012) in 2014.
Trafficking in Persons
Mali is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women and children subjected to forced labour and sex trafficking. Within Mali, women and girls are forced into domestic servitude, agricultural labour, and support roles in gold mines, as well as subjected to sex trafficking. Malian boys are found in conditions of forced labour in agricultural settings, gold mines, and the informal commercial sector, as well as forced begging both within Mali and neighbouring countries. Boys from Mali, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Niger, and other countries are forced into begging and exploited for labour. Adult men and boys, primarily of Songhai ethnicity, are subjected to the long-standing practice of debt bondage in the salt mines of Taoudenni in northern Mali. Also, some members of Mali's black Tamachek community are subjected to traditional slavery-related practices rooted in hereditary master-slave relationships, and this involuntary servitude reportedly has extended to their children.